Back Pain Physiotherapy Edmonton

Back Pain Physiotherapy Edmonton

Back pain, a ubiquitous and often debilitating ailment, can originate from numerous sources. Causes can range from strained muscles or ligaments, bulging or ruptured disks, arthritis, and skeletal irregularities, to osteoporosis. Though typically localized in the lower back, pain can span any section of the back and can vary from a mild, constant ache to sudden, sharp sensations.

At Eastwood Physiotherapy Clinic, we understand the multifaceted nature of back pain and its profound impact on your daily activities. Our expert team of physiotherapists is adept at diagnosing and treating various forms of back pain using an array of therapeutic techniques.

The Role of Physiotherapy in Back Pain Management

Physiotherapy is a crucial aspect of back pain management. It provides non-invasive treatment options focused on reducing pain, improving mobility, strengthening the back muscles, and educating patients on maintaining their back health to prevent future occurrences.

Physiotherapists have specialized skills to evaluate and treat the physical conditions contributing to back pain. They can implement many techniques and modalities to relieve and facilitate functional recovery.

Assessment and Diagnosis

A comprehensive assessment is our first step in treating back pain. Our physiotherapists will take a thorough medical history, followed by a physical examination that may include observing your posture, mobility, and physical condition and assessing your spine, muscles, and joints. Additional diagnostic tests like X-rays or MRI scans may sometimes be needed.

This evaluation informs the development of a personalized treatment plan. If necessary, the patient may be referred for further medical consultation.

Back Pain Conditions and Physiotherapy Techniques

  1. Lumbar Sprain/Strain: Lumbar sprain or strain is a common cause of lower back pain caused by damage to muscles and ligaments. Physiotherapy often includes therapeutic exercises to strengthen back muscles, manual therapy to increase mobility, and patient education to prevent future injuries.
  2. Herniated Disc: A herniated or slipped disc happens when the soft material inside a disc in your spine pushes through a crack in the outer casing. Manual therapy can be useful in managing the condition, along with specific stretching and strengthening exercises to reduce pressure on the nerve root. Electrotherapy like TENS can also provide pain relief.
  3. Degenerative Disc Disease: Age-related wear-and-tear can lead to degenerative disc disease. Physiotherapy interventions include manual therapy to improve spinal mobility, therapeutic exercises to strengthen the back and core muscles, and posture education.
  4. Spinal Stenosis: It is a narrowing of the spinal canal, often causing pain, numbness, or weakness. Physiotherapy management typically includes stretching, strengthening, aerobic exercises, and manual therapy to improve mobility.
  5. Sciatica: It is characterized by pain that radiates along the path of the sciatic nerve. Physiotherapy for sciatica includes manual therapy, therapeutic exercises to reduce nerve root compression, and pain relief techniques like electrotherapy and acupuncture.
  6. Spondylolisthesis: Spondylolisthesis is a spinal condition where a bone in the spine slips forward onto the bone below it. Physiotherapy treatment typically includes therapeutic exercises to stabilize the spine, improve posture and flexibility, manual therapy, and possibly electrotherapy for pain management.

Physiotherapy is vital in managing these conditions, relieving pain, restoring function, and preventing future occurrences. The techniques used vary depending on the severity and the specific nature of the condition and the individual needs of the patient. It’s important to consult with a healthcare provider to get a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.

The Comprehensive Approach: Physiotherapy for different parts of the back

The back can be divided into several regions, each prone to its own conditions that can benefit from specific physiotherapy interventions.

In the cervical or neck region, conditions such as Cervical Spondylosis and Whiplash are common. Cervical Spondylosis is an age-related degeneration of the joints and discs in the neck. Physiotherapy management often involves neck stabilization exercises, postural education, and manual therapy to alleviate pain and increase mobility. Whiplash, typically caused by a sudden distortion of the neck as seen in car accidents, can be effectively managed with gentle therapeutic exercises, manual therapy techniques, and education on maintaining good posture.

The thoracic or mid-back region can be afflicted by conditions like Thoracic Outlet Syndrome and Kyphosis. Thoracic Outlet Syndrome, caused by the compression of blood vessels or nerves in the region of the thoracic outlet, is often treated with stretching exercises, postural education, and strengthening exercises to improve muscle balance. Kyphosis, characterized by an excessive outward curve of the spine causing a hunchback, requires postural education, stretching exercises, and strengthening exercises to improve posture and balance.

The lumbar or lower back region frequently experiences conditions like Lumbar Herniated Disc and Lumbar Spinal Stenosis. In the case of a Lumbar Herniated Disc, where the soft material inside a lumbar spine disc protrudes through a crack in the outer casing, physiotherapy management can include manual therapy, therapeutic exercises, and electrotherapy techniques like TENS for pain relief. Lumbar Spinal Stenosis occurs when the spinal canal in the lower back narrows and is often managed with stretching, strengthening aerobic exercises, and manual therapy to improve mobility and alleviate discomfort.

Lastly, the sacral region, encompassing the sacrum and coccyx, often experiences conditions like Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction and Coccydynia. Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction, causing pain in the joint connecting the lower spine and pelvis, typically requires physiotherapy involving manual therapy, specific stability-enhancing exercises, and patient education on preventing future flare-ups. Coccydynia, characterized by pain in the tailbone or coccyx often triggered by prolonged sitting, can be managed through pain management strategies, postural advice, manual therapy, and tailored exercises to reduce symptoms.

Each condition is unique, and the approach to physiotherapy will depend on the individual patient’s needs. Therefore, consulting with a physiotherapist or healthcare provider is crucial to develop an appropriate treatment plan.

Chronic Back Pain Management

Chronic back pain, defined as pain persisting for 12 weeks or longer, can be a complex condition requiring a comprehensive management strategy. At Eastwood Physiotherapy Clinic, our physiotherapists are experienced in managing chronic back pain and supporting patients throughout their journey toward recovery.


At Eastwood Physiotherapy Clinic, we are committed to providing a comprehensive and evidence-based approach to back pain management. Our dedicated team of physiotherapists collaborates with other healthcare providers to deliver coordinated and effective back pain treatment. Trust in our expertise to guide you toward a pain-free lifestyle.